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Foreign minister Sergei Lavrov says Russia needs to see a sample or it will refuse to co-operate. with thanks BBC

Russian spy: Russia demands nerve agent sample from UK

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Media captionBoris Johnson: “We are giving Russia until midnight to explain”

Russia will not co-operate with the UK inquiry into how an ex-spy and his daughter were poisoned until it has been given a sample of the substance used, its foreign minister has said.

Sergei Lavrov’s comments came as police appealed for witnesses who had seen the pair’s red BMW car before the attack.

UK Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson hailed support from other countries.

US President Donald Trump has said he would take Britain’s assessment that Russia was behind the attack “as fact”.

Former double agent Mr Skripal, 66, and Yulia, 33, were found slumped on a bench in Salisbury city centre in Wiltshire on 4 March. Police said they remain critically ill in hospital.

Det Sgt Nick Bailey, who fell ill responding to the incident, is in a serious but stable condition.

Speaking outside New Scotland Yard, Assistant Commissioner Neil Basu said 35 other people had been seen in hospital, of whom 34 had been assessed and discharged, while the condition of one person is being monitored.

Midnight deadline

Russia has been given a midnight deadline by Prime Minister Theresa May to explain why a Russian-made nerve agent was used in the attack in Salisbury on former Russian spy Sergei Skripal and his daughter Yulia.

But Mr Lavrov described claims of Russian involvement as “rubbish” and said it had been refused access to the nerve agent.

The UK ambassador to Russia, Laurie Bristow, has met the Russian deputy foreign minister in Moscow.

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Media captionTheresa May: Spy poisoned by “military-grade nerve agent”

Assistant Commissioner Basu revealed Miss Skripal had flown into Heathrow Airport on 3 March.

He appealed for witnesses who saw the pair in her father’s car – licence plate number HD09 WAO – between 13:00 and 13.45 GMT on the day of the poisoning.

Image caption Assistant Commissioner Neil Basu updated reporters outside New Scotland Yard

He said the police investigation will take “many weeks”, with the “prime focus” being how the poison was administered.

However, he said detectives were “not declaring a person of interest or suspect at this time”.

Police also confirmed Mr Skripal, who came to the UK in 2010 in a “spy swap” after he had been convicted by Russia of passing information to MI6, was a British citizen.

Home Secretary Amber Rudd said the investigation was “going well” after chairing another meeting of the government’s emergencies committee Cobra.

She announced that MI5 and police are to look into claims that as many as 14 deaths on UK soil may be linked to Russia.

Mrs May told the Commons on Monday that the poison used in the attack was a military-grade nerve agent developed by Russia. She said it was part of a group of nerve agents known as Novichok.

“Either this was a direct action by the Russian state against our country, or the Russian government lost control of its potentially catastrophically damaging nerve agent and allowed it to get into the hands of others,” she said.

The PM warned that if there was no “credible response” by the end of Tuesday, the UK would conclude there has been an “unlawful use of force” by Moscow.

Has the UK received international support?

Mr Trump said he would be speaking to Theresa May later, adding: “It sounds to me they believe it was Russia based on all the evidence they have”.

Answering a separate question by reporters, he added: “As soon as we get the facts straight, if we agree with them, we will condemn Russia or whoever it may be”.

Former US Secretary of State Rex Tillerson, who spoke to Mr Johnson on the phone about the case on Monday before he was sacked, had said the US supported the UK’s assessment that Russia was likely responsible.

Nato secretary-general Jens Stoltenberg said the UK was a “highly valued ally” and described the incident as “of great concern”.

He said the use of any nerve agent was “horrendous and completely unacceptable” and said Nato had been in touch with the UK authorities.

He added: “We agree that those responsible – both those who committed the crime and those who ordered it – must face appropriately serious consequences.

“We stand in solidarity with our allies in the United Kingdom and will continue to coordinate closely our responses.”

German Foreign Minister Sigmar Gabriel said any Russian link would be a “very serious matter” and Berlin stood “in solidarity” with the UK.

Mrs May also spoke to French President Emmanuel Macron on Monday and the two leaders “agreed that it would be important to continue to act in concert with allies” to address what it called “the wide pattern of aggressive Russian behaviour”, her spokesman said.

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Media caption“Get to the bottom of it” – President Putin tells UK it is their responsibility

European commissioner Valdis Dombrovskis was among a number of leading EU figures to express “solidarity” with the UK.

He said: “We are very much concerned with this situation – also with the findings the UK has so far.”

How could the UK retaliate against Russia?

Mrs May said the UK must “stand ready to take much more extensive measures” against Russia than it had previously.

She said these measures would be set out in the Commons on Wednesday should there be no adequate explanation from Russia.

Britain could expel Russian diplomats, as it did after the poisoning of former Russian Federal Security Service operative Alexander Litvinenko in 2006 with radioactive polonium.

But many argue that this, and the other measures that were taken after that killing – including visa restrictions on Russian officials – did not go far enough.

So what else could the UK do?

Other possible actions could include:

  • Freezing financial assets
  • Bans on visas
  • Boycotting the Fifa World Cup in Russia later this year
  • Taking Russian broadcasters such as RT (formerly Russia Today) off the air in the UK

Read more on how the UK could retaliate

Timeline of events

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Media captionSee the locations where Sergei Skripal spent Sunday with his daughter

Mr Skripal and his daughter Yulia are believed to have been in Salisbury city centre from 13:30 GMT on 4 March.

A witness told the BBC that he saw the pair in Zizzi restaurant at about 14:00 GMT.

Mr Skripal was found alongside his daughter on a bench near the Maltings shopping centre, a short walk away.

At about 16:15 GMT officers were alerted to the incident.

Eyewitness Freya Church said she saw a man and a woman looking unwell on a bench.

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Media captionWitness: “They looked like they’d been taking something quite strong”

Another passer-by, Jamie Paine, said the woman he saw was frothing at the mouth and her eyes “were wide open but completely white”.

A doctor, who was shopping with her husband in the city centre on Sunday, said Ms Skripal was “slumped in her seat, completely unconscious” and had lost control of her bodily functions.

Image caption Det Sgt Nick Bailey remains in hospital

A police officer who fell ill after attending the incident – Det Sgt Nick Bailey – was also taken to hospital and placed in intensive care. He remains in a serious condition.

What are Novichok agents?

Image copyright PA
Image caption Investigators removed a vehicle from a village near Salisbury on Monday
  • The name means “newcomer” in Russian, and applies to a group of advanced nerve agents developed in secret by the Soviet Union in the 1970s and 1980s
  • One chemical – called A-230 – is reportedly five to eight times more toxic than VX nerve agent, which can kill a person within minutes
  • Some are liquids, others are thought to exist in solid form. Some are reported to be “binary weapons”, meaning they are typically stored as two less toxic chemicals which when mixed, react to produce the more toxic agent
  • One variant was reportedly approved for use by the Russian military as a chemical weapon
  • Designed to escape detection by international inspectors, their existence was revealed by defectors

Read more on Novichok and what it can do

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